Digital drawings.

Summer holiday has been a busy time so far.

Working on my CV and having my grandparents over took a lot of my precious time and I haven’t done so much of illustration recently.

Last week I got back to the routine and trying to make up for past three weeks when I didn’t touch my sketchbook *shame on me*

There are some digital portraits I did last week along with a short looped animation.

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Augmented Reality – AR

I created augmented reality piece using Artivive.

It is actually very impressive and simple to create a AR piece. All you need is a still image(a trigger) and an animation.

Anyone can download free Artivive app on their device and see what you created.

Give it a go your self!

Rear View Mirror: Nostalgia and Retro.

Nostalgia is often defied as a state of being homesick, or the sentimentality of the past.

One immediate way of considering nostalgia is through personal and individual experiences. It could be triggered in many ways, through visuals, smell, taste, touch and so on. Effectively anything that is strongly bounded to a memory in ones’ mind and it brings that memory back. Another aspect of nostalgia could be considered as cultural and collective, as a specifically targeted group of people.

Can nostalgia be destructive?

“Past events exist, after all, only in memory, which is form of imagination.’ (Le Guin 2001, no pag.) The theory of truth is very subjective itself; it is seen differently by any individual, therefore the memory of past, even historical events, can be only a romanticised interpretation of the incident. Nostalgic approach to occurrences can really alter your perspective and very much idealised the episodes. It makes us looking at world through rose-tinted glasses that distorts the present and compare it to the best, often non-existing, past.

According to Kohn nostalgia is promoting only selective memory and possibly a misrecognition of the past. In that sense nostalgia brings many problems of different nature to the table.

(If nostalgia can be destructive it can also conker and brings together the identity and heritage.)

True Story vs Fake News: Truth and Authorship in Culture *tbc*

The truth has been an object of discussion for past thousands of years. It raises many difficulties and uncertainties in philosophy of the truth, either by relying on theses about truth, or implying new theses about truth.

The problem of truth is what truths are and what makes them true. This brought many controversies and theories trying to define it in the most accurate way; as well as the definition it addressed also issues and problem of the theory.

As we established there’s a number, possibly an infinity of ways for answering the question ‘What is the truth?’. The very basic theoretical classification of the truth was split into: the philosophical truth and the cultural truth. We will try to consider not in depth the philosophical truth and then focus more on the cultural truth.

The Philosophical truth:

  • Semantic – Semantics is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning in language.
    • Analytical – True because of language, meaning of the word (e.g. triangle has got three sides – the definition of the word is included within itself),
    • Synthetic- True because of physical conditions; they are true by how their meaning relates to the world (e.g. Rabbits eat carrots – true, however not necessarily has to be).
  • Epistemological – a study of the nature of knowledge, justification and rationality of belief.
    • A priori – Known before experience (e.g. Triangle has three sides),
    • A posteriori – Only known after experience (e.g. Rabbits eat carrots – learnt through observation).
  • Metaphysical – Metaphysics are branch od philosophy that deal with the first principles of things, including abstract context such as being, knowing, identity, time and space.
    • Necessary truths – Couldn’t be false (e.g. black kitten is black; 2+2=4),
    • Contingent truths – Could be false (e.g. black kitten is playing with another black kitten).

That’s the philosophical approach, it is a thinking game to debate what is truth and breaking it down to its very methodology and going into even more depth and detail.

How do we know reality? How do we decide what is true and what isn’t?

Cultural truth is the truth we know as conditioned by our perspective of the world, which makes it one and only truth to ourselves as a one or a group of people, however it can be different in else one’s eyes. For an instance the cultural truth and a take on it in the art and philosophy, has diametrically changed throughout the centuries.

The knowable reality that we are accepting as the truth is realism. Realism in philosophical approach is a view that the object exists in the reality independently in our conceptual scheme. In the art movement realism is an attempt to represent the subject most truthfully, avoiding any artistic interpretation or exotic and supernatural elements. It is the art of accurate depiction of lifeform, perspective and the details of light and colour.

The realist movement began in the mid-19 century and it was a reaction against romanticism. Instead of idealised, romantic, almost nostalgic fertile paintings naturalists (different name for realism) were focusing more on common laborers and ordinary people in their day to day activities and work.

The truth and its representation were taken deadly seriously and was read through the very reality that people were surrounded by.

Next global movement was modernism, which started in early decades of the twentieth century and was building on late nineteenth-century precedents. Modernists were creating in the experience and values of the modern industrial life.  They were refusing to continue the realistic view on the world and try to have very fresh and new approach to what reality is; which was shown in their new imagery and use of new materials and techniques. They felt that it would better reflect the realities and hopes of modern societies.  

There is no only one art style that would define modernism; it is encompassed by many different ones, however there are few principles that could define modernist art. It would definitely be a rejection of the conservative history and values believed in realism, experimentation with the from, media, colour and techniques. Modernism, together with the development of the science, discovery of an engine and improvement of the industrial life, was often looking into utopian future and vision of human in very futuristic society and belief.

The key art styles within modernism were:

  • Futurism – avant-garde art movement started in Italy in the early twentieth century. Its aim was to capture the dynamism and energy of the modern world. Futurism was celebrating technology, speed, youth and new objects such as car of an airplane. Futurists were trying to free Italy from the stigma of their past and make the country known of something different that only museums of countless cemeteries (Marinetti, Manifesto).

Artists were using experimental colours and media to represent the reality they were living in. That was the most truthful observation, yet very subjective interpretation of their surroundings.

  • Neo- Impressionism – an art movement where artists were inspired by the optical theory and how human eye is perceiving the seen image. Neo-impressionists were painting using only primary colours, by applying them onto canvas in very tiny adjacent dabs to create the illusion of light and perspective.

For the neo-impressionists painting using only primary colours, was closer to the truth of how we see the world; as it was proven by science that this is the correct explanation of the colour theory and how the human eye works. Therefore, their version of the truth was even more far away from the realism discussed before, however it could have been seen as more accurate.  

  • Cubism – a revolutionary, fresh and new approach to the representation of the reality invited by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in early twentieth century. Cubists were painting using geometrical forms and applying the impression of what they just have seen onto the canvas in very simplified form. Artists tried to transform the three-dimensional state of objects onto the two-dimensional canvas and it shows; it deconstructs the physical forms and different perspectives and state of the 3D object down to their pure concepts and shows them all at same time in one space.

The perception of the truth in the cubistic paintings were different in instance that the painted object can exist in different dimensions and be shown from different angles at same time, which would be a truthful representation of its physicality.

On the other hand, post-modernism was a reaction against the ideology and values of modernism. The movement was born out of scepticism and suspicion of reason. It was challenging the universal foundations of the truth. Post-modernists were believing that the personal experience and interpretation was more concrete than abstract principles. They were embracing multi-layered complicity of the meaning of their creations.

Similar to modernism, post-modernism cannot be defined and closed in single art style. It was fading the line between high and low art and challenging what should be exhibited on the gallery walls. It introduced new freedom and was accepting anything, including the pop-culture and everyday life. Post-modernism was highlighting the fact that subconsciousness is same important that the consciousness and the world can be interpreted through many different ways.

The key movements and artist of post-modernism:

  • Guerrilla Girls – Feminist movement; a group of anonymous female artists formed in New York in 1985 fighting against sexism and racism within the art world. The group is using Guerrilla Marketing as a form of protest, their work can be found on posters, books, billboards and any other public appearances. According to them the content matters more than the person behind it, that reason why they are anonymous and using pseudonyms rather than their names and never show their faces.

The truth in their opinion is the one that, sadly we have to face every day and fight for our own rights. As well as that they are questioning, like most post-modernists, what deserves to be called art. They are manifesting that art could be something that is not necessary placed in a gallery space. Working with a poster as a way of speaking was very innovative at this time.

  • YBA (Young British Artists) –
  • Jeff Koons
  • Gilbert & George

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‘The Little Prince’ – illustrated book review *draft*

‘The Little Prince’ is the novella written and illustrated by French writer Antoine de Saint-Exupery. The book has been named the best of the 20th century in France and it is the most famous piece by Antoine. This touching 89 pages story is styled as a children’s book; however, the author also makes observation about human nature and the life in general.

The story begins with the narrator elaborating on the nature of an adult life and their incapacity of processing extraordinarily important things. It touches on child-like vulnerability and imagination in terms of perceiving the world we are surrounded by and that the grown-ups are often missing and replacing it with the science and the reasonable things.

The narrator grows up and becomes a pilot, one day after his plane breaks in Sahara Desert he meets a golden-haired boy named ‘The Little Prince’. The Prince starts to describe where he comes from and says that once he lived on his small planet and could watch countless sun-sets and sun-raises a day. He describes spending his earlier days on cleaning volcanos, weeding unwanted seeds and pulling out baobab trees.  The Little Prince was very lonely and the only precious thing for him was a rose that he was looking after.

The Prince has visited six other planets before he came to the Earth. Each of these was inhabited by a single, very narrow-minded adult and supposed to criticise an element of society. The people he met there are:

  • A king of no one,
  • A self-loved narcissist,
  • An alcoholic who drinks to forget the shame of being drunk,
  • A lamplighter who blindly follows the order of lighting the lamppost on and off every 30 second,
  • A geographer that is not well-travelled and never went anywhere, however he recommends to the Prince visit the Earth.

The most famous citation from the little prince is “And now here is my secret, a very simple secret: It is only with the heart that one can see rightly; what is essential is invisible to the eye”

In my opinion Saint-Exupery’s novel is a timeless masterpiece that stereotypes human behaviour and points out how closed-minded we could be not necessary knowing about it.

The publication has been produced in many variations, but the style and imagery, that the book is accompanied with, is kept consistent throughout all of them.  Illustrations designed by Antoine are very simple and look more like for a children’s book. The use of watercolour gives them lightness and softness, but also a child-like vulnerability that makes them really easy to interpret. All of the pictures are well fitted within the story line and are enriching its core. Reading the story without them would be a very different experience, as by looking at them the author draws a picture in our heads, how he wants us to imagine his piece.

Type Safari – Walking Trip /draft/

Thanks God it wasn’t raining! (well at least for my group rotation)

Part of our research was a walking trip in London starting from Kings Cross and finishing at the Building Centre in Fitzrovia.

While walking we were encouraged to look for typography in very urban landscape. Analysing aspects such as positioning signs and using a specific font helped me understand how every detail has an impact on the receiver of information (in this case me) and changed my thinking on how to construct and expose/exhibit my work.